Caput Mundi during the Roman Empire, capital of Italy since 1871, home of the Catholic Church and the Italian government, Rome today is the biggest and most populous city of Italy.
Located in the middle of the peninsula, the city is easily accessible either from national places and abroad. Thus, no matter the State or city of origin, everyone will have the chance to get to Rome, because as a famous expression says “all streets lead to Rome”.
This city inspires poets and writers, philosophers and politicians, popes and kings; being a place where behind every corner and building lies a secret waiting to be discovered, a legend to be told and tales to be narrated.
Also called the “Eternal city” by the ancient Romans Rome has one of the richest cultural and architectonic heritage that bears witness to almost three thousand years of unparalleled history.
The capital, in fact, contains an exceptional artistic patrimony. Besides the imposing rests of its history through out all the period of the Roman Empire, this richness lies also on Renaissance artworks, widely present around the city, thanks to artists such as Michelangelo who were at work here, under the papal patronage.
Nonetheless, another great contribution comes from the Baroque when masters, as Bernini and Borromini, also left an indelible and representative sign to the city.
Almost like a sort of honouring to this heritage in Rome, there are various prestigious artistic academies, and many important cultural institutes. Moreover, the city is the most important bibliographical centre of Italy as the national centre of dramatic arts and cinema.
Possibly, more than anywhere else in the world, this city is an authentic mix of old and new, strongly rooted in the past although continuously evolving. It is a living open museum, crowded and noisy as the majority of metropolis but at the same time magical and romantic as only a place so dense of history and arts can be.
No a case than, that despite being the seat of main and key institutions as the national government, Rome moves inexorably at a slower pace than many northern cities. It has to be something part of the inner nature of his inhabitants, resulting from the past, which allowed them to give birth to “il dolce far niente” e “la dolce vita”.
For sure, the climate positively contributes to it, mainly temperate with breezy winters and hot summers, it is pretty warm and pleasant all over the year.
Numerous as almost uncountable are the attractions of this place, from the most famous to the hidden ones.
However there are some that for sure can’t be missed:
- the Colosseum, which lies beside the ruined Roman Forum, which was the social and political hub of the empire;
- the Capitoline Museums, packed with classical and Renaissance art;
- Circo Massimo, the ancient chariot-racing track;
- Pantheon, a magnificently preserved ancient Roman temple, with a hole in the centre of the domed roof;
- Piazza Navona and Spanish Steps;
- the incredible, massive, Trevi Fountain;
- Trastevere, vivacious neighbourhood buzzed with life and medieval churces;
- last but not least the Vatican, the seat of Catholicism and an invaluable guardian of history and arts.
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